Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and progressively worsens, and is the cause of 60–70% of cases of dementia. The most common early symptom is... Wikipedia

  • Specialty:  Neurology
  • Symptoms:  Memory loss, problems with language, disorientation, mood swings
  • Usual onset:  Over 65 years old
  • Duration:  Long term
  • Causes:  Poorly understood
  • Risk factors:  Genetics, head injuries, depression, hypertension
  • Diagnostic method:  Based on symptoms and cognitive testing after ruling out other possible causes
  • Differential diagnosis:  Normal brain aging, Lewy body dementia, Trisomy 21
  • Medication:  Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, NMDA receptor antagonists (small benefit)
  • Frequency:  50 million (2020)
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo