Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer, also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum. Signs and symptoms may include blood in... Wikipedia

  • Specialty:  Gastroenterology General surgery Oncology
  • Symptoms:  Blood in stool, change in bowel movements, unintentional weight loss, vomiting, fatigue
  • Causes:  Old age, lifestyle factors and genetic disorders
  • Risk factors:  Diet, obesity, smoking, lack of physical activity, alcohol use
  • Diagnostic method:  Tissue biopsy during a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy
  • Prevention:  Screening from age of 50 to 75
  • Treatment:  Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy
  • Frequency:  9.4 million (2015)
  • Deaths:  551,000 (2018)
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo